Conference Coverage

Changes in EKGs of Hyperkalemia on Hemodialysis Patients

San Diego—According to researchers, the available data on the effects of hyperkalemia on the electrocardiogram (EKG) of patients on chronic hemodialysis are inconsistent. Muzzaffar Hussain, MD, and colleagues examined EKGs of 128 chronic hemodialysis patients with clotted grafts or fistulas. They reported results of the analysis during a poster session at the American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week 2015 in ... Read More »

Home Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Growth Before and After 2011

Seattle—During the past decade, use of both home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis has increased in the United States. However, according to Eric Weinhandl, MS, PhD, and Alan Collins, MD, of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, there are few data on the temporal and geographic variations in the rates of growth. It is possible that access barriers may be associated with ... Read More »

Peritoneal Dialysis Technique Failure Incidence Declines

Seattle—There has been a gradual decline in the incidence of peritoneal dialysis failure since 2005; however, there has also been an increase in the number of patients initiating peritoneal dialysis. Technique failure, a common complication of peritoneal dialysis, is clinically disruptive because patients transitioning to hemodialysis may need aggressive ultrafiltration for fluid overload, antibiotic treatment for peritonitis, or placement of ... Read More »

Belatacept-Based Immunosuppression Produces Long-Term Benefits

Short-term outcomes of kidney transplantation have been improved with the use of prolonger maintenance immunosuppressive therapy; however, there are few data on the long-term effect on allograft survival. Belatacept is a selective costimulation blocker developed to improve long-term outcomes in kidney transplant recipients by providing immunosuppression less the toxic effects of calcineurin inhibitors. Current standard-of-care immunosuppressive regimens combine calcineurin inhibitors ... Read More »

Mental Health History Not Associated with Transplant Outcomes

San Diego—There was no association between a history of mental illness and poor outcomes following kidney transplantation in a study conducted recently in Canada. Istvan Mucsi, MD, PhD, and colleagues reported results of the single-center, retrospective cohort study during a poster session at Kidney Week 2015 in a poster titled Pre-Transplant Mental Health Disorders and Non-Adherence and Post-Transplant outcomes in ... Read More »

Hyponatremia and Risk of Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients

San Diego—In the general population, due in part to underlying diseases including congestive heart failure and cirrhosis associated with low serum sodium concentrations, hyponatremia is associated with an increased risk of mortality. There have been studies reporting that hyponatremia itself further increases the risk of death. According to researchers led by Yukako Ohyama, MD, there are few data on the ... Read More »

Tolvaptan Effective and Well Tolerated in Korean Patients with SIADH

San Diego—In a multicenter, clinical study conducted in eight tertiary hospitals in Korea, tolvaptan was effective and well tolerated in patients with syndrome of inappropriate antiduretic hormone secretion (SIADH). Joo-Hark Yi, MD, and colleagues reported study results during a poster session at Kidney Week 2015 in a poster titled Characteristics of Tolvaptan in Korean Patients with SIADH. The study was ... Read More »

Home Hemodialysis Program Training Volume and Rates of Therapy Attrition

Annual Dialysis Conference 2016 February 27-March 1 Seattle, Washington Seattle—Better patient outcomes and improved processes in home hemodialysis programs may be associated with continuous experience with training and patient monitoring. Another benefit would be maintenance of staff skills. Researchers recently conducted an analysis to determine whether the volume of home hemodialysis training was associated with therapy attrition. Results of the ... Read More »

Nx2me Connected Health Reduces Risk of Home Hemodialysis Attrition

Annual Dialysis Conference 2016 February 27-March 1 Seattle, Washington Seattle—The risk of elective discontinuation of home hemodialysis was reduced with use of Nx2me Connected Health in a data review conducted recently by Eric Weinhandl, MS, PhD, and colleagues. The researchers reported results of the review at the 2016 Annual Dialysis Conference in a presentation titled Lower Risk of Home Hemodialysis ... Read More »

Coping Strategy Survey Reliable in Two of 13 Countries

San Diego—Patients with a chronic illness utilize various strategies to cope with their condition. Patients on maintenance hemodialysis face many physical and psychological stresses as they deal with end-stage renal disease. There are several survey instruments designed to measure patient coping strategies, but none have been specifically designed for hemodialysis patients. The Coping Strategies Inventory-Short Form (CSI-SF), developed in English, ... Read More »